Sushi is by far the most famous dish in Japanese cooking. It takes an endless variety of forms, from dead-simple four ingredient nori rolls to extravagant offerings that demand years of study for authentic preparation. Luckily for vegans, the complexity surrounding sushi preparation mainly regards the fussy work of cutting up the fish. The butchering of fish for sushi demands expert instruction, especially where the puffer fish is concerned. These fish contain a gland with enough poison to kill thirty people!
By contrast, most vegan sushi is remarkably easy to make. You don’t need much in the way of cooking skills to make fantastic sushi.
Since fish plays the starring role in most sushi, many enthusiasts assume that it’s a mandatory ingredient. Nothing could be farther from the truth. Here are some delicious vegan items that are delicious when used in place of fish:
- fried tofu
- baked kabocha squash
You can have a hard time finding totally vegan sushi in restaurants. That’s because most Japanese restaurants flavor their rice with dashi, a seasoning that provides a umami flavor. Dashi is usually made from fish flakes, but it is possible to make this seasoning from vegan ingredients like seaweed or mushrooms. Unfortunately, it’s a safe bet that the rice at most sushi restaurants contains a minuscule amount of fish.
If you can get vegan rice and also avoid the fish you’re home free—just ask for a nori roll made without seafood or eggs. Keep in mind, though, that the cost of your meal may be unreasonably high—because of lofty fish prices, sushi restaurants are among the most expensive places to eat. It’s unlikely that you’ll get an appropriate discount for ordering fish-free sushi, even though the ingredients that go into your meal could hardly be cheaper.
When eating nori rolls, you’ll be given a shallow bowl in which you’ll pour a little soy sauce. You’ll then use your chopsticks to stir in as much wasabi paste as suits your taste. Next, you’ll use chopsticks to take a piece of sushi, and dip it into your soy sauce. It’s a faux pas to treat nori rolls as a finger food while at restaurants, but when I’m home and nobody’s looking I don’t see the point of using chopsticks. My Japanese friends don’t use them either for informal meals at home.
While it can be tough to get 100 percent vegan sushi at restaurants, many natural food stores carry vegan nori rolls. Just check the refrigerated section, next to their sandwiches and other prepared meals.
Making Sushi at Home
If there’s no place nearby that sells vegan sushi, you can always roll your own. When it comes to making something a bit exotic, no meal is simpler to prepare than vegan nori rolls.
You’ll need sushi rice, veggies, nori, and a sushi rolling mat. Once you get the knack of it, nori rolls are one of the simplest gourmet-leaning meals you can make. YouTube is full of instruction videos for making vegan sushi. Here’s a terrific introductory video that covers the basics, and shows you three varieties perfect for your first attempts. And here’s a longer video showing more ambitious and labor-intensive variations.
Making nori rolls at home offers the perfect opportunity to experiment with the vegan fish products that have recently been introduced. Ocean Hugger Foods makes a product called “Ahini” that’s made from tomatoes, yet has a texture and flavor profile shockingly similar to the priciest (and often endangered!) tuna.
At home or in restaurants, try eating slices of pickled ginger and sipping some cold Japanese beer between pieces. Note that store-bought pickled ginger contains artificial sweeteners or red dye, so read labels and opt for a gourmet brand. Japanese-style lager beers, not surprisingly, are the perfect accompaniment to nori rolls. Asahi’s ubiquitous flagship beer sold in silver cans is a great choice.
For further reading, check out our Guide to Vegan Japanese food.